A systematic, iterative process of decision making in the face of uncertainty, with an aim of reducing uncertainty over time through system monitoring and changes to management in response to the results of monitoring.
The fraction of solar radiation reflected by a surface or object, often expressed as a percentage. Snow covered surfaces have a high albedo; the albedo of soils ranges from high to low; vegetation covered surfaces and oceans have a low albedo.
A bioswale is a landscape element designed to capture storm water run-off from adjacent surface areas. It has inverted sloped sides that allow rainwater to drain into it and contains vegetation and mulch designed to remove pollutants before the water infiltrates into the soil.
Conservation planting is planting principally for: soil and water conservation; waste water disposal or purification; landscape preservation or enhancement; preservation for particular historic or archaeological value; and conservation for scientific or ecological value. It includes planting trees and tending trees but excludes growing trees for timber production.
The functional connectivity between ecosystems, allowing habitats to expand and adapt and allowing species to feed, move, reproduce, etc. and helping avoid the negative effects of isolated habitats – similar to integrated habitat network